Bestowed with innumerable temples this “City of Temples” has people of several races and mixed culture spreading from Chenab to Ravi. Situated at an altitude of 305 meters, surrounded by Pirpanjal and Shivalik mountains, Jammu, the summer capital of J&K, has climate similar to northern India. Popular as Dogras, Jammuites are friendly in nature and born warriors. For decades, they have paved the way for the tourists into the State.
Rajasthani ascribes the foundation of Jammu to about 3650 BC. Kingdom of solar race of Ayodhya spread over Shivalik hills to river Ravi & Chenab when Sudharshana the 20th descendant of Ram ruled Ayodhya. His younger son, Agnigir, migrated to Shivalik hills and traveling through Nagrota, reached the banks of Ravi and rules at Bupanagri, the present Kathua. Agngir was succeeded by chief ships of many Rajas, one of whom was Agnigarbha who had 18 sons and was succeeded by his eldest son Bahu Lochan who founded Bahu Nagar (today Bahu Fort stands here). His brother Jambu Lochan, who ruled during 6th century in Kalyuga, i.e. 2500 BC, expended his dominion and desired to build his capital at an ideal place. One day while hunting, he saw a deer and a tiger drinking at the same pond. He was informed that the soil of the place excelled in virtues, so no living creature bore animosity against each other. He founded a new town at this spot and called it Jambupura (today Purani Mndi stands here). Jambu Lochan was succeeded by his son Puran Karan who shifted capital from Bahu Nagar to newly founded Jammu. Down the line, succeeded ruled Jammu and extended the kingdom to Banihal and Kashmir. Thereafter, Jammu saw many rulers from dynasties of Dutts, Devs, Dhars and many more till Amir Timur occupied Delhi in 1398. He entered Shivaliks, Kangra and crossed Trikut hills to conquer Jammu in 1399, marching from Mansar. Dogra Rajas again took over the charge of Jammu between 15th and 17th century.
In AD 1800 Maraja Ranjeet Singh of Punjab took over Lahore and marched to Jammu. In AD 1812, Jammu was assigned as Jagir to his elder son, Prince Kharak Singh. On realizing the spirit of Jamwals, Main Mota of Jammu was made the Ministry by Sikhs. Maharaja Ranjeet Singh selected Gulab Singh and his brother Dhyan Singh to rule Jammu in AD 1813. Gulab Singh’s grateful sovereign bestowed him Jammu as his Jagir and he became Maharaja in AD 1822. He appointed Zorawar Singh as Hakim of Kishtwar who further advanced to Ladakh, Baltistan and Tibet for expansion of the empire.
Maharaja Ranjeet Singh entrusted Gulab Singh with administration of large territories and transferred the lease of Gujarat in AD1830, which yielded huge revenue. After Maharaja Ranjeet Singh’s death, Gulab Singh succeeded in getting control of Sialkot and appointed a governor and appointed a governor in Peshawar. He purchased Kashmir from the British against a sum of money, some cattle, gifts and a yearly tribute under the Treaty of Amrisar in AD1846. His force joined the British troops and he got the title of Maharaja of Jammu & Kashmir. Thereafter Jammu, Kashmir and Ladakh became the empire of Dogras whose rule lasted up to 1947.
How to Reach Jammu
By Air: -
Indian Airlines, Jet Airways, Spice Jet, Air Sahara, Kingfisher, Go Air and Air Deccan operate mostly daily flights to Jammu from Delhi. Jammu airport is at a distance of 8kms from the city.
By Train: -
The northernmost railway junction of India, Jammu Tawi railway station is connected by trains from many cities. It is 6km from the Tourist Reception Center.
By Road: -
National Highway 1A connects Jammu with rest of India. Most northern State Road Transport Corporations like Punjab, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh and Delhi have daily bus services to Jammu